D-Sector for Development Community

   Tuesday, January 16, 2018
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Youth Bulge
By D-Sector Team


Among youth, unemployment is on the rise! While an estimated 12 million youth join the workforce each year, there are just about 1 million jobs on offer. The yearly gap in jobs is creating a bulge of unemployed youth. NSSO data reveals that the much-hyped growth period during past five years ending 2010 generated only about a million jobs as against 60 million during 2000-05. The irony is that there are only about 2 per cent youth qualified for the jobs on offer. No wonder, casual workforce has increased at the cost of regular jobs. So much for near double-digit growth rate!        

Current development model is unlikely to reverse the trend anytime soon. Conversely, anti-people and anti-environment policies are likely to pull more and more people out from their gainful engagements. However, a vast unemployed workforce at the ballot box will create yet another electoral opportunity for the political parties. It is but a matter of time when the ruling alliance will try to win over the youth by offering them 'unemployment dole'. Nothing could serve the politicians-corporations nexus better than 'sustaining unemployment' by keeping youth under the illusion that the state is genuinely concerned about them!     



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Corruption Watch

The bad news is that corruption has not only sustained but has grown in size and stature in the country. With scams being a regular feature, seventy per cent respondents in a survey have rightfully opined that corruption has continued to increase in India. One in every two interviewed admit having paid a bribe for availing public services during last one year. Transparency International's latest survey reveals that the political parties top the chart for the most corrupt public institutions, followed by police force and legislatures. No wonder, India continues to make new records on the global corruption arena!

The shocking revelation is that the health and education sectors haven't remained untouched by this phenomenon. With 5th and 6th positions respectively for these sectors on the public perception chart on corruption, corruption has crept insidiously into these sectors of hope for the masses. With bureaucracy being fourth in the list of corrupt institutions in the country, corruption seems to have been non-formally institutionalized with little hope if public services would ever be effective in the country. With economic growth having literally institutionalized corruption, are we now expecting corrupt to be socially responsible - a different CSR.

Poor. Who?

Not giving 'aid' to India is one thing but calling it 'rich' is quite another. If one in three of the world's malnourished children live in India, what does average daily income of $3 indicate? It perhaps means that there is a relative decline in poverty - people are 'less poor' than what they used to be in the past. But having crossed the World Bank arbitrary threshold of $2 a day does not absolve the 'developed' countries of their obligation to part with 0.7 per cent of their Gross National Income in development aid. Should this three-decade old figure not be revised?  

An interesting debate in UK's House of Commons delved on future of development assistance by the British Government. While prioritizing limited resources has been a concern, there has been no denying the fact that development aid must be guided towards tangible gains over a short period of time to start with. There are difficult choices for elected governments to make - should they invest in long-term primary education or in short-term university scholarships? Which of these will bring gains and trigger long-term transformation in the society. As politicians continue to be divided on the matter, poverty persists!!   

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