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One-third of humanity has TB microbe: WHO


duricef wearehighlow.co.uk

In a stunning finding, the World Health Organization has claimed that almost one-third of the world population is infected with the TB bacilli, the microbes that cause TB. One in 10 people infected with TB bacilli becomes sick with active TB in their lifetime, it said.

It also said that the top five countries with the largest number of cases are India, China, the Russian Federation, South Africa and Bangladesh.

Key findings of the WHO report are:

  • There were 9.4 million new TB cases in 2008 (3.6 million of whom are women) including 1.4 million cases among people living with HIV
  • The estimated global incidence rate fell to 139 cases per 100 000 population in 2008 after peaking in 2004 at 143 cases per 100 000. Rates are falling very slowly in 5 WHO regions (the rate is stabilizing in Europe). The total number of deaths and cases is still rising due to population growth. TB is contagious and spreads through the air. If not treated, each person with active TB infects on average 10 to 15 people every year
  • There were 5.7 million TB case notifications in 2008. 36 million people were cured in DOTS programmes (between 1995-2008), with as many as 8 million deaths averted through DOTS
  • The 87% global treatment success rate exceeded the 85% target for the first time since the target was set in 1991. 53 countries exceeded this 85% patient treatment target
  • There were an estimated 500 000 new MDR-TB cases in 2007. Just over 1% of cases were receiving treatment in 2008 known to be based on WHO's recommended standards 5% of all TB cases have MDR-TB, based on data from more than 100 countries collected during the last decade 27 countries account for 85% of all MDR-TB cases.
  • Extensively Drug Resistant TB-XDR-TB has been found in 57 countries to date
  • In 2008, WHO reported that the highest rates of Multi Drug Resistant MDRTB ever recorded, with peaks of up to 22%

Source: WHO

Write to d-sector  |  Editor's Note

 Other Articles by d-sector Team in
Human Development  > Health > Communicable Diseases

WHO proposes TB blood test ban
Monday, July 25, 2011

Data on Malaria
Tuesday, April 26, 2011

AIDS death toll rises in China
Wednesday, April 20, 2011

Quick diagnosis to help TB patients
Thursday, December 09, 2010

  1  2  3  4     
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Corruption Watch

The bad news is that corruption has not only sustained but has grown in size and stature in the country. With scams being a regular feature, seventy per cent respondents in a survey have rightfully opined that corruption has continued to increase in India. One in every two interviewed admit having paid a bribe for availing public services during last one year. Transparency International's latest survey reveals that the political parties top the chart for the most corrupt public institutions, followed by police force and legislatures. No wonder, India continues to make new records on the global corruption arena!

The shocking revelation is that the health and education sectors haven't remained untouched by this phenomenon. With 5th and 6th positions respectively for these sectors on the public perception chart on corruption, corruption has crept insidiously into these sectors of hope for the masses. With bureaucracy being fourth in the list of corrupt institutions in the country, corruption seems to have been non-formally institutionalized with little hope if public services would ever be effective in the country. With economic growth having literally institutionalized corruption, are we now expecting corrupt to be socially responsible - a different CSR.

Poor. Who?

Not giving 'aid' to India is one thing but calling it 'rich' is quite another. If one in three of the world's malnourished children live in India, what does average daily income of $3 indicate? It perhaps means that there is a relative decline in poverty - people are 'less poor' than what they used to be in the past. But having crossed the World Bank arbitrary threshold of $2 a day does not absolve the 'developed' countries of their obligation to part with 0.7 per cent of their Gross National Income in development aid. Should this three-decade old figure not be revised?  

An interesting debate in UK's House of Commons delved on future of development assistance by the British Government. While prioritizing limited resources has been a concern, there has been no denying the fact that development aid must be guided towards tangible gains over a short period of time to start with. There are difficult choices for elected governments to make - should they invest in long-term primary education or in short-term university scholarships? Which of these will bring gains and trigger long-term transformation in the society. As politicians continue to be divided on the matter, poverty persists!!   

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