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Data on global hunger and malnutrition


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GLOBAL HUNGER

  • 925 million people do not have enough to eat—more than the population of the USA, Canada and the European Union combined.
  • 98 per cent of the world’s hungry live in developing nations.
  • Asia and Pacific region is home to over half the world’s population and nearly two-third of the world’s hungry people.
  • 65 per cent of the world’s hungry live in only seven countries: India, China, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Pakistan and Ethiopia.

(Source: FAO news release, 2010)

  • Women make up a little over half of the world’s population, but they account for over 60 per cent of the world’s hungry.

(Source: ECOSOC, 2007)

CHILD HUNGER

  • The cost of under nutrition to national economic development is estimated at US$20-30 billion per annum.
  • More than 70 per cent of the world’s 146 million underweight children under age five years live in just 10 countries, with more than 50 per cent located in South Asia alone.

(Source: Progress for Children: A Report Card on Nutrition, UNICEF, 2006)

  • 10.9 million Children under five die in developing countries each year. Malnutrition and hunger related diseases cause 60 per cent of the deaths.
  • One out of four children, roughly 146 million, in developing countries are underweight.

(Source: The State of the World’s Children, UNICEF, 2007)

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 Other Articles by d-sector Team in
Human Development  > Food > Hunger and Malnutrition

Gender discrimination leads to malnourishment in Nepal
Wednesday, September 28, 2011


Invest in nutrition as rising prices hit poor: WFP
Wednesday, May 11, 2011


Data on Malnutrition
Thursday, April 21, 2011


Despite growth, India still hungry and undernourished
Monday, March 14, 2011

  1  2  3  4  5  6  7     
 
 Other Articles in Human Development
 
 
Corruption Watch

The bad news is that corruption has not only sustained but has grown in size and stature in the country. With scams being a regular feature, seventy per cent respondents in a survey have rightfully opined that corruption has continued to increase in India. One in every two interviewed admit having paid a bribe for availing public services during last one year. Transparency International's latest survey reveals that the political parties top the chart for the most corrupt public institutions, followed by police force and legislatures. No wonder, India continues to make new records on the global corruption arena!

The shocking revelation is that the health and education sectors haven't remained untouched by this phenomenon. With 5th and 6th positions respectively for these sectors on the public perception chart on corruption, corruption has crept insidiously into these sectors of hope for the masses. With bureaucracy being fourth in the list of corrupt institutions in the country, corruption seems to have been non-formally institutionalized with little hope if public services would ever be effective in the country. With economic growth having literally institutionalized corruption, are we now expecting corrupt to be socially responsible - a different CSR.

Poor. Who?

Not giving 'aid' to India is one thing but calling it 'rich' is quite another. If one in three of the world's malnourished children live in India, what does average daily income of $3 indicate? It perhaps means that there is a relative decline in poverty - people are 'less poor' than what they used to be in the past. But having crossed the World Bank arbitrary threshold of $2 a day does not absolve the 'developed' countries of their obligation to part with 0.7 per cent of their Gross National Income in development aid. Should this three-decade old figure not be revised?  

An interesting debate in UK's House of Commons delved on future of development assistance by the British Government. While prioritizing limited resources has been a concern, there has been no denying the fact that development aid must be guided towards tangible gains over a short period of time to start with. There are difficult choices for elected governments to make - should they invest in long-term primary education or in short-term university scholarships? Which of these will bring gains and trigger long-term transformation in the society. As politicians continue to be divided on the matter, poverty persists!!   

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