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Data on Indian population


  • India's population hits 1.21 billion.
  • The number has increased by 181 million.
  • The population, which accounts for world's 17.5 per cent population, comprises 623.7 million males and 586.5 million females
  • China is the most populous nation accounting for 19.4 per cent of the global population.
  • The growth rate in 2011 is 17.64 per cent in comparison to 21.15 per cent in 2001.
  • Among the states and Union territories, Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state with 199 million people and Lakshadweep the least populated at 64,429.
  • The combined population of UP and Maharashtra is bigger than that of the US.
  • The highest population density is in Delhi's north-east district (37,346 per sq km) while the lowest is in Dibang Valley in Arunachal Pradesh (just one per sq km).
  • The Census indicated a continuing preference for male children over female children. The latest child sex ratio in is 914 female against 1,000 male—the lowest since Independence.
  • According to the data, literates constitute 74 per cent of the total population aged seven and above and illiterates form 26 per cent.
  • The literacy rate has gone up from 64.83 per cent in 2001 to 74.04 per cent in 2011 showing an increase of 9.21 per cent.

Write to d-sector  |  Editor's Note
 


 Other Articles by d-sector Team in
Socio-Economic Development  > Indian Society > Population and Demography

NGOs demand action to save girl child
Monday, May 02, 2011


India's unborn children
Tuesday, April 19, 2011


Male child preferred in India, confirms census
Friday, April 01, 2011


Most women migrants in Delhi from Northern states
Tuesday, December 21, 2010

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 Other Articles in Socio-Economic Development
 
 
Corruption Watch

The bad news is that corruption has not only sustained but has grown in size and stature in the country. With scams being a regular feature, seventy per cent respondents in a survey have rightfully opined that corruption has continued to increase in India. One in every two interviewed admit having paid a bribe for availing public services during last one year. Transparency International's latest survey reveals that the political parties top the chart for the most corrupt public institutions, followed by police force and legislatures. No wonder, India continues to make new records on the global corruption arena!

The shocking revelation is that the health and education sectors haven't remained untouched by this phenomenon. With 5th and 6th positions respectively for these sectors on the public perception chart on corruption, corruption has crept insidiously into these sectors of hope for the masses. With bureaucracy being fourth in the list of corrupt institutions in the country, corruption seems to have been non-formally institutionalized with little hope if public services would ever be effective in the country. With economic growth having literally institutionalized corruption, are we now expecting corrupt to be socially responsible - a different CSR.

Poor. Who?

Not giving 'aid' to India is one thing but calling it 'rich' is quite another. If one in three of the world's malnourished children live in India, what does average daily income of $3 indicate? It perhaps means that there is a relative decline in poverty - people are 'less poor' than what they used to be in the past. But having crossed the World Bank arbitrary threshold of $2 a day does not absolve the 'developed' countries of their obligation to part with 0.7 per cent of their Gross National Income in development aid. Should this three-decade old figure not be revised?  

An interesting debate in UK's House of Commons delved on future of development assistance by the British Government. While prioritizing limited resources has been a concern, there has been no denying the fact that development aid must be guided towards tangible gains over a short period of time to start with. There are difficult choices for elected governments to make - should they invest in long-term primary education or in short-term university scholarships? Which of these will bring gains and trigger long-term transformation in the society. As politicians continue to be divided on the matter, poverty persists!!   

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